Article Abstract

Journal of Physical Science and Environmental Studies

Research Paper|Published February 2022|Vol. 8(1):1-14.


Assessment of Causes and Effects of Wetlands   Degradation in the Babessi Municipality, Ngoketunja Division of the North West Region in Cameroon


Che Anselm Suh1 and Sundjo Fabien2,3


1Babessi Council, Cameroon.

2University of Bamenda, Higher Teacher Training College, Cameroon.

3St Monica Higher Institute, Buea, Cameroon.   



Despite the international and national policies on environmental protection ratified and signed by Cameroon, the degradation of wetlands is on the rise in the Babessi Municipality. This study aimed at assessing the causes and effects of wetlands degradation in the Babessi Municipality. Specifically, it investigated from the point of view of the local population: the importance of wetlands, the causes of wetlands degradation, the effects of wetlands degradation on the traditional institutions, and the strategies to reduce wetlands degradation in Babessi Municipality. To do this, stratified random sampling was employed and data was collected from 278 respondents with 75 from Baba 1, 62 from Babessi, 70 from Babungo and 71 from Bangolan using questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings revealed wetlands are of significant importance to the people of Babessi municipality. Anthropogenic factors like increase in population which enhance urbanization, grazing and hunting are mostly the causes of wetlands degradation. This phenomenon has an effect on culture. Sensitization of the local population can be used as a strategy to reduce wetlands degradation. Environmentally-friendly farming methods are recommended.

Keywords:Wetland degradation, traditional institutions, and culture.


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