The Effect of Compost Use with Effective Micro-Organisms (EM) On Grain and Biomass Yield of Wheat Cultivated In Tigray, Ethiopia

Gebrejewergs Aredehey and Daniel Berhe


Full Length Research Paper I Published September,2016


Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology  Vol. 2 (8), pp.133-138





Effective Micro-Organisms (EM) has been introduced to Ethiopia for use in several activities, for example, to increase the organic compost quality. However, there are no studies about effects of compost with EM use in Tigray cultivated with wheat. This paper is aimed to evaluate the effect of compost with EM use on productivity of biomass and grain of wheat cultivated on two places of Tigray region (Maimegelta’s kebele Farmers Training Center (FTC) and Illala research site). A field experiment designed in randomized complete blocks (RCBD) with three replications was conducted to examine the study. The treatments included: (1) control, (2) recommended chemical fertilizer (100 kg ha-1 of urea and 100 kg ha-1 of DAP) (3) Compost with EM (5 t ha-1) and compost without EM (5 t ha-1). The variance analysis showed that there was no significant difference among treatments studied at 5% significant level. Although there were no significant differences between treatments studied, the highest increment in wheat grains yield was obtained for treatments with the use of compost with EM. Therefore, in conditions that this study was performed, compost with EM could be used in agricultural soils of these two areas in order to wheat production and to reduce costs with chemical fertilizer use.

Key Words: Chemical Fertilizer, Wheat Production, Compost, Dryland Area and Tigray

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